When investigated in Beirut, CAUSALITY and CAUSATION required explicitation which would denote the inherent "relationship" which expresses or indicates a cause.


Participants yielded a translation by using more signifiers to cover syntactic or lexical gaps (the complex meaning of the Source Language word is amplified or distributed over several words in the Target Language).

Beirut, Lebanon

  • Causality/Causation
  • Translations

علاقة سببية